How many litres of paint were used to paint the bridge?
How high is the Sydney Harbour Bridge?
How high are the traffic lanes above the water?
Answers: 1. north and south shores/ Milsons Point and Dawes Point, 2. 8 years, 3. 1400, 4. 16, 5. $4.2 million, 6. 6 million, 7. 8 traffic lanes + 2 rail lanes, 8. 272,000 litres, 9. 135 metres, 10. 51 metres
Now read the article again and look closer at the language. Answer these questions to get a better understanding of the language.
Why do they call the Sydney Harbour Bridge the “coat hanger”?
What does “exercise their forefingers” mean?
“The likelihood of the bridge actually being built was slim to none during this time.” What does this mean?
What does it mean by “the bridge had warmed locals’ hearts”?
What happened here – “a moment temporarily disrupted by a treacherous Captain”?
Answers: 1. because the shape of the bridge looks like a hanger to hang clothes on, 2. to take photos using the first finger on the hand, 3. "slim to none" means fairly unlikely, 4. the people of Sydney liked the bridge, 5. a Captain with a bad reputation cut the ribbon of the bridge before the Premier, it was just a short moment before they arrested him
Over this month you have read about autonomous cars, listened to a talk on autonomous flying taxis and discussed your own opinion. Now it’s time to write a reflection.
Look back at the texts, the Exploration, Vocabulary, Comprehension, Images and Opinion tasks and use the information to write a reflection on the topic of autonomous transport. Think about what you have learned, what was interesting, and what your overall response is.
How would you feel about travelling in an autonomous flying taxi by yourself?
Rodin Lyasoff talks about this idea on TED Talks. Listen to the talk and take notes as you listen.
Listen for a second time and use your notes to help you create comprehension questions based on this talk. Write the questions including the answer. Check through the transcript if you need extra help with this task. Try to make at least 6 comprehension questions.
Find images related to the topic of autonomous vehicles – cars and flying taxis. Look for a variety of images including graphs, photo’s or infographics. Try to gather at least 4 images to share with other students.
While you read through the article highlight any words that you don’t understand or that show an interesting use of language. Make a list of this vocabulary and use your English-English dictionary to find the definitions to add into your list.
After you have read the article do some more research on the topic of autonomous cars. Take notes on your findings.
Over this month you have read about learning a second language, listened to students express their opinions on the topic and discussed your own opinions as well. Now it’s time to write a reflection.
Look back at the texts, the Exploration, Vocabulary, Comprehension, Images and Opinion tasks and use the information to write a reflection on the topic of learning a second language. Think about what you have learned, what was interesting, and what your overall response is.
When is the right time to learn a second language? As a young child learning two languages at the same time, or as a teenager where it is a compulsory subject at school, or when you are an adult when you have the time and dedication to spend on learning a new language. What do you think?
To understand more about an article research is required to explore some of the ideas raised and who the author is. Read through these 3 explorations to give more insight into the article.
Theory of universal grammar – this theory suggests that humans learn to speak their native language by imitating what they hear and repeating it. In other words, we are all genetically programmed to learn and understand our first language naturally.
Critical period hypothesis – this hypothesis suggests that there is a particular period in the first few years of a human’s life where language is learned if there is sufficient exposure to the language. If this does not happen for someone within this critical period of time then learning that language is so much more difficult, particularly grammar.
Warren Midgley is the author of this article. He works as an Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics at the University of Southern Queensland. His fields of research are Education and Linguistics and his work has been published in many academic books and journals.
Now match these words from the article to the definitions.
1. second language
a) a language that is learned, not someone’s native language
2. first language
b) wanting very much to have something that someone else has
c) challenge an action or theory as not being correct
d) to have a strong effect on something
e) the skills of understanding thought processes in learning
6. instinctive knowledge
f) someone’s native language or mother tongue
g) the age between being a child and an adult, usually the teenage years
h) being in the same place as someone else and interacting in person
i) a situation that exists
j) able to listen, read, speak and write coherently in a language
k) learning online with people from all around the world